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Celebrating the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence: All About the Declaration

Signers' Biographies & Signatures

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence was supposedly signed by more than twenty-five prominent citizens of Mecklenburg County on May. 20, 1775. These signers came from all walks of life and had a great influence in Charlotte's early history. Find out a bit more about these significant individuals for yourself .

Abraham Alexander
Adam Alexander
Charles Alexander
Ezra Alexander
Hezekiah Alexander
John Alexander
Waightstill Avery
Hezekiah Balch
Richard Barry
Ephraim Brevard
John Davidson
Henry Downs
John Flennekin
John Foard
William Graham
James Harris
Richard Harris
Robert Irwin
William Kennon
Matthew McClure
Neill Morrison
Duncan Ochiltree
Benjamin Patton
John Phifer
Thomas Polk
John Queary
David Reese
Zaccheus Wilson
Thomas Polk (1732-1794)

In 1755, surveyor Thomas Polk built his home where two Indian trading paths met. Many years later this crossroads would become the "Square," the intersection of Charlotte's busy Trade and Tryon streets.

Polk married Susannah Spratt, whose family was one of the first to make their way through the wilderness to what would become "Charlotte Town." With Abraham Alexander and John Frohock, Polk bought 360 acres of land from Britain's Lord Augustus Selwyn. The land lay where the future downtown Charlotte would flourish.

In the 1770s, conflicts grew between settlers and the British rulers who wanted to maintain control over the colonies. Thomas Polk became commander of the local army, called a "militia."

He was one of 27 men who signed controversial documents in 1775 that pronounced their freedom from British rule. The "Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence" and the "Mecklenburg Resolves" would remain the source of controversy for many years.

When President George Washington visited Charlotte in 1791, he dined at the home of Thomas Polk.

Signatures are provided from other historical documents of the era since the original Meck. Dec. document does not exist. (Courtesy of T. Crumbley)